K K EYE Institute

Glaucoma

EYE PRESSURE AND YOUR EYES

Normal Eye Pressure is maintained by a fine balance between inflow and outflow of fluid in the eye. Build-up of this pressure (raised pressure) inside the eye is called Glaucoma. It is commonly caused by obstruction to the drainage channels of the eye. This excessive pressure can cause the retinal cells and optic nerve fibers to die and can result in permanent loss of vision. The loss of sight starts from the sides and continues toward the center until a small field or "tunnel" of vision remains. Eventually all vision may be lost. Sight lost to glaucoma cannot be restored, but glaucoma can usually be controlled and eyesight can be preserved if it is detected in time.

HOW DO I KNOW I SUFFER FROM GLAUCOMA ?

While glaucoma can occur without warning, any one of the following symptoms -Rainbow colored halos around lights, Narrowing of your vision, Frequent changes in prescription glasses without improving vision, Abnormally poor vision in dim light, Fuzzy or blurred vision which may come and go, Headaches, especially after watching TV or movies in the dark may indicate the presence of Glaucoma.

HOW IS GLAUCOMA DIAGNOISED?

  • Detailed Eye Examination including Gonioscopy
  • Regular Eye Pressure Check Up
  • Checking Extent of the field of Vision by Field Test (Perimetry)
  • Optic Examination and Documentation

HOW IS GLAUCOMA TREATED?

Predominantly, Eye Pressure is controlled by Eye Drops. If uncontrolled, Laser Treatment or Surgery maybe necessary to alleviate the excessive pressure,

HOW TO PREVENT BLINDNESS OCURRING FROM GLAUCOMA

  • Early detection and treatment is the key to prevent loss of vision. Chronic glaucoma, the most prevalent type, is painless. It slowly destroys vision without warning. By the time a vision problem is noticeable, irreversible damage may have occurred and hence anyone above the age of 35 should have a periodic detailed eye examination including eye pressure check. Acute Glaucoma can lead to blindness in less than 24 hours

Remember...

  • Glaucoma a silent but serious Eye problem and left untreated, glaucoma may lead to total, irreversible blindness.
  • Sight lost due to glaucoma cannot be restored.
  • Detected early, glaucoma can usually be controlled, Hence Complete Eye examination, periodically is important for early detection of Glaucoma.
  • If you have a family history of Glaucoma, you should get yourself examined more frequently.

Heed to the Warning Signs……

While glaucoma can occur without warning, any one of the following symptoms may indicate the presence of Glaucoma.

  • Rainbow colored halos around lights.
  • Narrowing of your vision.
  • Frequent changes in prescription glasses without improving vision.
  • Abnormally poor vision in dim light.
  • Fuzzy or blurred vision which may come and go.
  • Headaches, especially after watching TV or movies in the dark.
© 2012 K K EYE Institute - Pune India.